Ahailono o ka Lahui, Volume I, Number 27, 10 February 1890 — Page 1
THE NATIONAL HERALD
Ka Ahailono a ka Lahui
Vol. I. Honolulu, February 9, 1890. No. 27.
THE NATIONAL HERALD.
Is printed and Published for the Proprietors every
afternoon (Sundays excepted), by the
Elele Publishing Co.
Office No. 63 King St., Honolulu, H.I.
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By order of the proprietors of
THE NATIONAL HERALD.
A NEW TELEPHONE.
One More Contrivance for Transmitting Sound.
A new mechanical telephone of extraordinary considerable attention in London. A correspondent of Nature describes it as folows:
It is of American origin, like so many other modern improvements of exceptional character, being the invention fo one Lemuel Mellet, I believe, of Boston. Ther ehave been manu previous mechanical telephones, as your readers are aware, some of which have obtained much publicity for a short time and then have been heard of but little more; but having had opportunities of experimenting frequently with the new instrument and observing its vocal power, so to speak, under very various circumstances, I cannot doubt it has a great future before it. It may be clearly stated at once that the pulsion instrument is absolutely independent of all electrical aids and appliances, and therefore needs neither battery power to bring it into play nor insulation of any of its parts to keep them effective. It consists solely of two cheap and simple instruments connected by an ordinary non-insulated wire of copper, or better still, of a double steel wire, the two parts being slightly inter-twisted, say with about a single turn in a couple of feet. The wire, or wires, is simply looped to the instrument at either end, the connection being made in a few seconds. The instrument consists of a disk in combination with a series of small sprial springs inlosed in a case of some three or four inches in diameter. These springs, arranged in a maner that has been determined by experiment, and so as to produce harmonized vibrations, appear to posess the power of magnifying or accumulating upon the wire the vibrations which the voice sets up in the disk, and the wire seems to possess-un-doubtably does possess-the power of transmitting to great distances and giving out upon a second pulsion instrument the sounds of the voice.
The ability of this simple system of springs, kisks and wires to convey conversational and other sounds to considerable distances with great clearness, reproducing the very tones of the voice and the qualities of musical sounds with but little reduction or modification, is most surprising, and to none more so than to the many men of science who have been recently experimenting with it. The writer of this notice cannot, perhaps do better than state his own experiences with this system. After examining and experimenting over several short lengths of wire, some of them exceeding a mile and a half, he last week went to the Finchley Road station of the Midland Railway, from a point near to which a line had been conveyed to near the Welsh harp station, a distance of three miles by the line of railway and of more by the track of the wire, which for the telegraph posts, to which it was attached by very simple means. Conversation through this length of line for over three miles was exceedingly easy. Indeed, so powerfully was the voice transitted that an ordinary hat sufficed for all the purposes of the second instrument without going near to which conversation was carried on repearedly by means of the hats of three gentlemen who were present, the tops of which were merely placed against the telephone wire.
I then went into the garden of the Welsh Harp, where a short length of wire had been led between two points, the wire on its way from one point to the other being twice tightly twisted, at an interval of some yards, round small branches of trees of about one inch in diameter, being wound round and round the branch three times in each case. Strange to say, this light twisting of the wire round the branches in no way interferes with the transmission of the voice from end to end of the wire. A third and last experiment was made with a wire laid obliquely across the Welsh harp lake and allowed to sink and rest upon the lake bottom. The length of the line was roughly estimated at about one third of a mile, and from end to end (excepting a few yards at each end where the wire was led from the water’s edge to the telephone box) the wire was completerly immersed, and without any other support than the bottom of the lake offered it. Yet, notwithstanding this immersion of the whole wire, conversation was carried on through it by means of the pulsion instruments without the least difficulty. In fact, the voice came through the immersed wire, and the longest wie (of over three miles) previously mentioned, with greater purity and mellowness than through shorter lengths. I must leave to others to explain, and if necessary to discover, the scientific grounds of the success of this extraordinary little instument. Looking, however, at its practical capabilities as exemplified above, it is not surprising that postoffice, police, railway and other commercial people are already overwhelming with applications those who are arranging to supply the new telephone, which, from its extreme simplicity, is manifestly a cheap one.
He laau e ola ai ke anu i ke poo me ka Hupekole ka Kauka Logier’s, he Laau Cherry Cordial Hawaii, kekahi o na laau maikai loa i hana ia no ke kunu, hano, ke anu, ka hupekole a me na mai o ke akemama a me ka umauma, a he hooluolu no ke kunu kalea a me ka puu eha. E ninau no ka Kauka Logier’s laau Cherry Cordial Hawaii. E loaa no ma kahi o Hollister ma alanui Papu.
Ke hoike ia aku nei ka lohe imua o na kanaka a pau, ma keia ua malama ia ma ka la 30 o Dekemaba 1889 he halawai a na poe mea kuleana o ka Hui Pakipika Hawaii Hoomoe Uwea Olelo, ma ke keena o E.O. Hall & Son, kaupalena ia, Honolulu, a ma ia halawai ana au ua koho ia e na poe mea kuleana la e apono e lawe mai i ka palapala hoohui i haawi ia mai ia lakou malalo o ka inoa hui, “Ka Hui Hawaii Pakipika, Hoomoe Uwea Olelo,” ma ka la 15 o Novemaba 1889, a malalo o na palapala hoohui la na hoohui ia ae la ka hui a koho ia hoi na luna nui:
J. Sherman Bartholomew o Honolulu, Peresidena.
Hon. Edgar Crow Baker, M.P. o Victoria, B.C., Hope Peresidena.
E.O. White o Honolulu, Kakauolelo.
Frank Dudley o Niagara Falls, N.Y., Puuku.
Wm. W. Hall o Honolulu, Luna Hooia.
Ke hoike hou ia aku nei ka lohe mamuli o na olelo a ua palapala hoohui la,
“Aole ke ili ponoi maluna o kekahi mea kuleana na aie o ka Hui, no ka huina i oi aku mamua o ka mea e kau ia ana maluna o ka mahele a mau mahele paha i kuleana ia e ia.
EGAN & GUNN,
FRENCH, ENGLISH & AMERICAN
DRY AND FANCY GOODS.
Children’s Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Etc. Full Line of Holiday Goods Kid Gloves.
DIAMOND DYE BLACK HOSE.
In Ribbed and Plain.
No. 77 FORT STREET.
HONOLULU, - - H.I .
R. MORE & CO.,
MACHINISTS & BLACKSMITHS.
Particular Attention paid to Ship Work. Good Work at Low Rates Guaranteed.
No. 71 KING STEET,
HONOLULU, - - - H.I .
BELL TELEPHONE NO. 2. P.O. BOX NO. 423
WALKER & REDWARD,
CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS.
Brick, Stone and Wooden Buildings. Estimates Given. Jobbing Promptly Attended to.
No. 78 KING STREET,
HONOLULU, - - H.I.
GAS FITTER, COPPERSMITH,
Particular Attention paid to Tin Roofing and the Fitting up of Gas Machines.
NO. 71 KING STREET.
HONOLULU, - - H.I.
W.W. WRIGHT & SON,
GENERAL CARRIAGE MAKERS
All orders for wheel vehicles of every description filled with promptness. First-class mechanics only are employed.
FINE CARRIAGE WORK A SPECIALTY.
Tram Cars, Omnibusses,
Mule and Ox Carts.
Made to Order, Altered or Repaired,
Carriage Painting, Timming, Etc.
Our Horse Shoeing Department
Is under the management of R. Cayford, who will collet and receipt all bills due that branch of our business.
Signed, W.W. WRIGHT & SON,
Nos. 79 & 81 KING STREET.
BELL TELEPHONE, No. 381.